Portfolio of Evidence (POE) for Assessment. The three main types of portfolio evidence for assessment are direct, indirect and historical. This post unpacks them in simple terms for learners and employers.
Types of Evidence in the POE: A Brilliant Portfolio of Evidence
The portfolio of evidence mostly contains three main types of evidence for assessment. They are direct, indirect and historical.
Three Types of POE Evidence
The three main types of portfolio evidence for assessment:
1. Direct evidence:
This type of evidence is a direct representation of a person’s learning or performance. Examples include essays, research papers, project reports, presentations, and videos.
2. Indirect evidence:
This type of evidence is a representation of a person’s learning or performance. This is evidence that has been extracted from sources such as test scores, self-reflection, and feedback from others. Evidence that is not directly related to the specific learning outcome or achievement being evaluated, but provides context for understanding the student’s performance is assessed. This includes things like class participation, attendance, or progress reports.
3. Historical evidence:
This type of evidence is a representation of a person’s learning or performance over time. Examples include transcripts, grade reports, and attendance records.
Portfolios can include a combination of these different types of evidence. This will provide a comprehensive picture of a person’s learning and performance.
Descriptions of POE Evidence
SAQA describes the differences between the three main types of evidence as follows (Oct. 2001: 38-39):
|DIRECT EVIDENCE||INDIRECT EVIDENCE||HISTORICAL EVIDENCE|
The Rules of Evidence – these are the questions Assessors ask
“Is the evidence Valid?”
- Does it relate to the specific outcomes and assessment criteria?
- Is it in a form that will allow accurate judgement to be made of the candidate’s level of competence?
- Is it well presented and explained?
“Is the evidence Sufficient?”
- Is there enough evidence to make an accurate judgement about the candidate’s performance?
- Does the evidence show, beyond reasonable doubt, that the required standards have been achieved?
- Does the evidence indicate that the candidate really possesses the competencies?
“Is the evidence Authentic?”
- Is the evidence the candidate’s own work?
- Was it achieved by the candidate alone? (If not, the candidate’s contribution must be clearly described.)
- Did the candidate really produce the evidence?
“Is the evidence Current?”
- Does the evidence reflect current competence?
- Is the evidence generated from the past 2 years or less?
Department of Education: Develop a portfolio to demonstrate school leadership and management competence A module of the Advanced Certificate: Education (School Management and Leadership)